Music Instruments
Dhol- King of Instruments

Dhol playing on Bhangra

Unfortunately, no effort is made in the scope of this study to account for all variations in different beats, which conceptually- in a perfect world, are the
best indicators. 

Algoza-magical instrument

Algoza/Jori: A magical instrument! This Punjabi woodwind instrument, also called
a jori/ ngoza, resembles a pair of wooden flutes which the musician plays by using
three fingers on each side. A very challenging instrument to play, the sound is
generated by breathing into it rapidly; the quick recapturing of breath on each
beat creates a bouncing, swing rhythm.

The pairing of the algoza with the dhol in a piece of music produces a great
sound that makes everyone want to dance!

The algoza is generally used as a folk instrument and Punjabi folk singers
use it to play traditional music such as Jugni, Jind Mahi, Mirza. However, it is
also a popular choice among UK musicians for making contemporary Bhangra music.


The tumbi is a traditional Punjabi string instrument. Its one string can
produce both high and low tones. The body of the instrument is made from 
various types of wood over which a skin is stretched and strings are
attached. It is played with the continuous flick and retraction of the forefinger. Famous Punjabi singers of traditional songs, such as Mahiya, Challa, Jindua and Jugni, have used the tumbi.

 'Mundeya tou bach ke rahi' (Beware of Boys) from Punjabi MC, is a fine
example of tumbi music, and was a huge hit in the UK charts and is still
used in most international programs.

The one-stringed tumbi is the most famous instrument in Bhangra and it is
one of the most popular instruments used in folk music.


Dhad is a small percussion instrument of the Damru style. Held in one hand, it is struck on either side, with the other hand holding the skinned sides vertically or horizontally. This instrument has been very popular with the Dhadies, who sing traditional ballads of brave warriors and heroes drawn from history.

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